Environmental regulations can be confusing. Does it apply to my business, or does it not? What are the recordkeeping requirements? Training requirements? Initial notifications. Application forms. Regular reporting forms. It’s enough to make your head spin.
We’ve simplified it for you. Browse below for the regulation you need more information on, and if you still have questions, contact us and we’ll get it answered.
Before recycling or disposal, all appliances must be demanufactured to remove the hazardous components and dispose of them properly. To do so on-site, you must obtain an Appliance Demanufacturing Permit from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR). Here you will find a summary of the regulation and its requirements.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know (Act)
Community safety is the focus of the Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). It essentially helps local communities protect public health, safety and the environment from hazardous chemicals. Through this act, State Emergency Response Commissions (SERC) and Local Emergency Response Committees (LEPC) were created with the responsibility of developing emergency response plans. The main components of EPCRA include emergency planning, emergency release notification, hazardous chemical storage reporting and toxic chemical release inventory.
Food Waste and Composting
Regulations surround food waste and composting operations. One of the most common myths surrounding food waste (liability from donation) is actually solved by a regulation (Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act). Learn more about this act, as well as regulations regarding animal feed, composting facilities and selling compost in Iowa.
Every business is responsible for characterizing its wastes. Knowing which wastes are hazardous and the amount of hazardous wastes generated and stored at your facility will indicate the level of regulation that applies to your business. The benefit of knowing this information provides the opportunity for compliance with federal environmental regulations.
Household Hazardous Materials
If your facility sells any household hazardous material, in any amount, it must obtain a Household Hazardous Material (HHM) permit and participate in a consumer education program. Informing consumers of the characteristics of and proper disposal methods for household hazardous materials increases the likelihood that these products will be used and disposed of properly.
Minor Source Emission Inventories
The Iowa Department of Natural Resouces (DNR) requires all facilities not subject to the Title V Operating Permit Program to submit a Minor Source Emissions Inventory every three years. DNR has split Iowa into thirds to stagger the number of inventories received annually. To assist businesses with the inventory, the IWRC's Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program provides training, and has developed resources, tools and calculators to use as you complete the reports.
National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency issues National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) in an effort reduce exposure to hazardous air pollutants. The IWRC has developed numerous resources, information and training to help Iowa facilities comply with the regulatory requirements.
- Asbestos (Part 61, Subpart M)
- Gasoline Distribution Bulk Plants (Part 63, Subpart BBBBBB)
- Paint Stripping and Miscellaneous Surface Coating Operations (Part 63, Subpart HHHHHH)
- Metal Fabrication and Finishing Source Categories Rule (Part 63, Subpart XXXXXX)
- Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning Facilities (Part 63, Subpart M)
- Prepared Feeds Manufacturing at Area Sources (Part 63, Subpart DDDDDDD)
Painting and Coating
Businesses with painting and coating operations have many requirements when it comes to recordkeeping and training regulatory compliance. We, along with our Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program, have developed numerous programs and resources to help keep your facility compliant.
Permit-by-Rule for Spray Booths
The permit-by-rule is a specific permit exemption that may be used to exempt an air pollution source, such as a spray booth, from the traditional permit process. Note: Permit-by-rule does not exempt the pollution source from applicable air pollution regulations and compliance requirements.
Precious Metal Reclamation
If your facility generates, stores or transports recyclable metal wastes to reclaim economically significant amounts of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, iridium, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium or any combination of these, then the requirements within 40 CFR 266, Subpart F must be met.
Refrigerant recovery and recycling equipment manufactured since 1993 must be tested to comply with environmental regulations. The IWRC has compiled information regarding two sources - motor vehicles and appliances/stationary sources.
The 40 CFR 82 Subpart F regulation applies to your facility if you recover refrigerant from appliances or other stationary sources such as air conditioners (not motor vehicle air conditioners) and refrigeration equipment before disposal/recycling.
The 40 CFR 82 Subpart F (Recycling and Emission Reduction) regulation applies to anyone performing service on motor vehicles when that service involves the refrigerant in motor vehicle air conditioners (MVACs).
Beneficial reuse options apply to industrial, commercial and institutional generators, and users of solid by-products (waste) and sanitary landfills utilizing alternative cover material. Reuse is available to solid by-products being disposed of as solid waste in an Iowa landfill, and that meet certain requirements. Wastes/operations that are not eligible include waste that has already been landfill disposed, land application of solid waste, solid waste processing operations or solid waste composting.
Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plan
The SPCC regulations apply to facilities or farms that store, transfer, process, refine, use or consume oil (e.g. crude oil, animal, soy and vegetable oils, petroleum products, etc.) in excess of the following limits and from which an oil leak or spill could ultimately discharge to a surface water (i.e., storm sewer, ditch, drainage tile, river or lake).
A special waste is any industrial process waste, pollution control waste, or toxic waste, which presents a threat to human health or the environment, or a waste that is difficult to handle at the landfill.
Aboveground Storage Tanks
These regulations apply to your facility if you have an aboveground storage tank storing flammable liquids with a capacity of 60 gallons or more, tanks with a maximum storage capacity equal to or greater than 1,100 gallons, and/or any new or replacement flammable liquid storage tank with a capacity of 60 gallons or more at a bulk plant, service station or processing plant.
Underground Storage Tanks (UST)
The Iowa Department of Natural Resources manages UST regulations.
Storm Water General Permits
In 1987, Amendments to the Clean Water Act required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to develop regulations for storm water discharges from “industrial activities.” These regulations established National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit application requirements for certain types of industrial facilities or certain types of industrial activities that discharge storm water to surface waters.
Looking for information on a specific permit?
Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)
Wastes that are potentially hazardous because of toxicity require a hazardous – non-hazardous determination through laboratory analysis using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) testing protocol.
If your facility generates spent batteries (excluding lead-acid batteries), mercury-containing equipment, universal waste lamps (e.g.: fluorescent tubes), or excess pesticides, it is subject to the universal waste requirements outlined in 40 CFR 273 - Standards for Universal Waste Management.
If your facility generates used oil, collects and markets, and/or burns used oil, it is subject to compliance with 40 CFR 279 – Standards for the Management of Used Oil. See if this regulation applies to you, and if so, the requirements for storage, recycling, recordkeeping and disposal.
The Waste Tire Management regulation apply to your facility if you store more than 500 waste tires on your property at any time, or if you process waste tires into tire-derived fuel (TDF) or other products for reuse.
Metal Finishing Wastewater Pretreatment Standards
Industrial users that discharge wastewater to a publicly owned treatment works (POTW) are subject to general regulations that prohibit the discharge of pollutants that may pass through or interfere with the POTW treatment process.
Septic Tanks and Leach Fields
If your facility discharges wastewater other than domestic sewage to a septic system, these rules from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) apply.