Dry Cleaning Facilities

The use of hazardous chemicals in the dry cleaning process can pose safety and environmental concerns if not managed appropriately. To minimize these concerns state and federal regulations are in place to ensure business operations will not unexpectedly harm the environment or individuals.

Perchloroethylene (Perc) Dry Cleaning Facilities

Dry cleaning facilities using perchloroethylene are subject to the National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). This rule includes requirements for leak inspections and repair, recordkeeping, and reporting. To help dry cleaners understand the regulatory requirements, the IWRC’s Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program has developed resources to help.

Petroleum Dry Cleaning Facilities

Dry cleaning facilities using solvents other than perc may or may not be subject to air quality regulations.  Contact the IAEAP or the Iowa DNR for assistance in determining applicable requirements.

Alternative non-perc solvents:

  • Wet cleaning
  • Green Earth
  • DF-2000 fluid
  • Sensene, a modified alcohol
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2)
  • Petroleum

Hazardous Waste

In addition to air quality standards, many dry cleaners generate hazardous waste and must follow storage and disposal requirements outlined in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.  For more information on the proper management of hazardous waste click here.

These resources and information have been developed by the Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program, a program focused on training and educating Iowa small businesses with less than 100 employees. The Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program is funded by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. This information is intended solely as guidance, cannot be used to bind the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and is not a substitute for reading applicable statutes and regulations.