Originally created as the Iowa Waste Reduction Center for the Safe and Economic Management of Solid Waste and Hazardous Substances (shortened later on to the Iowa Waste Reduction Center) was established at the University of Northern Iowa by the Groundwater Protection Act of 1987. The actual legislation regarding the IWRC can be read here.

According to the act, the IWRC would provide:

  1. Information regarding the safe use and economic management of solid waste and hazardous substances to small businesses which generate the substances.
  2. Dissemination of information to public and private agencies regarding state and federal solid waste and hazardous substances regulations, and assistance in achieving compliance with the regulations.
  3. Advice and consultation in the proper storage, handling, treatment, reuse, recycling, and disposal methods of solid waste and hazardous substances.
  4. Identification of the advantages of proper substance management relative to liability and operational costs of a particular small business.
  5. Assistance in the providing of capital formation in order to comply with state and federal regulations.