Before recycling or disposal, all appliances must be demanufactured to remove the hazardous components and dispose of them properly. To do so on-site, you must obtain an Appliance Demanufacturing Permit from the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR). Below you will find a summary of the regulation and its requirements. You can also download a PDF of the summary to the right.
Any person that plans to engage in the demanufacturing of discarded appliances must obtain an Appliance Demanufacturing Permit from the Iowa DNR prior to starting operation.
Storage and Handling of Appliances Prior to Demanufacturing
- No method of collecting, storing or handling discarded appliances may be used which in any way damages, cuts or breaks refrigerant lines and compressors, capacitors, or mercury-containing components or may cause a release of refrigerant, PCBs or mercury into the environment.
- No more than 1,000 discarded appliances may be stored at a location prior to demanufacturing.
- No discarded appliances may be stored for more than 270 days prior to demanufacturing.
Removal and Disposal Requirements for Fixed Facilities and Mobile Operations
- Demanufacturing of appliances must take place on an impervious floor (including but not limited to concrete, ceramic tile, or metal). Wood floors are not acceptable.
- The point of demanufacturing must be located at least 50 feet from a well and /or surface water. A permanent facility must meet local zoning ordinances.
- The point of demanufacturing must be located above the 100-year floodwater elevation.
- An applicant must establish a unique marking system, to be submitted with the permit application for Iowa DNR approval, signifying that all refrigerants, PCB-containing articles, and mercury-containing components have been removed. The unique marking system must be a minimum of nine inches by nine inches and must be applied to the appliances after demanufacturing.
Facilities will be inspected by the Iowa DNR prior to issuance of a demanufacturing permit using the Appliance Demanufacturing Permit Inspection Form.
At least one owner or employee of an appliance demanufacturing facility must have a training certificate from an Iowa DNR-approved training course. A person who has completed the approved training course must be on site at all times when appliances are being demanufactured. Certification training information can be found on the Iowa DNR Appliance Recycling webpage.
Recordkeeping and Reporting
A permitted appliance demanufacturing facility shall keep records that will allow completion of an annual report to be submitted to the Iowa DNR on the following form by January 31st for the prior calendar year – Appliance Demanufacturing Annual Report (542-8005).
Shredding of Appliances
No person or facility in the state may shred, crush or bale any appliances that have not been demanufactured. Fluff from the shredding of demanufactured appliances must be sampled quarterly, at a minimum, and analyzed for the presence of PCBs and the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) for the 8 heavy metals (i.e., arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, selenium, silver).
Hazardous Materials - Hazardous Waste/Refrigerants
Any person or business engaged in demanufacturing of appliances must be in compliance with all federal and state laws relating to the management and disposition of all hazardous wastes, hazardous materials and refrigerants.
Permitted appliance demanufacturing facilities must obtain and submit a financial assurance instrument to the Iowa DNR in accordance with regulations contained in 567-118.16.